Chapter 13 - Notes

Chapter 13 - Notes - Chapter 13 Crimes of Power:...

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Chapter 13 Crimes of Power: White-collar, Corporate and Organized Crime Enterprise Crime White-collar crime Illegal activity for profit through _____________ business transactions. Organized crime Illegal activity for profit through _______________ business enterprise. White-Collar Crime _______________ (1883-1950). _____________ classes use their positions for personal gain without regard to law. White-collar criminals Are mainly dealt with by ______________ law, hidden from criminologists. Cause high financial cost. Damage social institutions and social relations. DEFINITION “White collar crime consists of the ___________or ___________ acts that violate fiduciary responsibility or public trust, committed by an individual or organization, usually during the course of legitimate occupational activity by persons of high or respectable social status for personal or organization gain”. What Is White-Collar Crime? White-collar crime Committed by individuals who use the _____________ for their criminal activity. Includes - _______________acts. Tax evasion. State-corporate crimes. kickbacks.
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The White-Collar Crime Problem Cost Much higher than _________________ Hundreds of ______________per year. 1997 KPMG survey __________% of companies claimed being cheated by their own employees. Inflated expense accounts, false invoices, use of company supplies. Study conducted in 1990 of 20 United States Lawyers Interviewees reported most frequently deceiving clients for economic reasons. Almost all lawyers interviewed reported deceiving clients through their billing practices Admitted billing two clients for the same work, fabricating billable hours and billing for work that had not been done in order to meet firm goals for monthly or hourly billings (Kovachevich and Waksler, 1991) The White-Collar Crime Problem Property damage, loss of __________ Violations of safety standard. U.S. Over 20 ___________ serious injuries. Over ______________deaths/year. Penalties Monetary fines, short sentences. An international problem. International White Collar Crime - Offences perpetrated against the European Community can be grouped into 4 categories __________corporate______ Crime – legitimate companies in the course of their usual business cheat the European Community ____goverment_____________ crime – illegal acts committed by government officials or with their knowledge and support, as well as cover-ups of other persons’ crimes Cont’d
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_________occupatinal______ Crime – involves people making extra money by bending or breaking the rules because of financial straits or other business-related problems Organized/professional crime – involves people or groups of people whose primary source of income is illegal
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Components of White-Collar Crime Clinard and Quinney (1973) _______ocuupational________ crime Committed by individuals in the course of their occupation and by employees
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This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course CRIM 101 taught by Professor Karenbrown during the Spring '11 term at Simon Fraser.

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Chapter 13 - Notes - Chapter 13 Crimes of Power:...

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