Chapters 5 & 6 - Notes

Chapters 5 & 6 - Notes - Chapter 5 Choice Theory...

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Chapter 5 Choice Theory Classical Theory _____cesare baccaria_________________________ (1738-1794) Italian philosopher Wrote On Crimes and Punishments (1764) Central Concepts Human Nature People are egotistical, rational, and motivated by pain and pleasure People ____choose________ their behaviour Behaviour can be modified by fear of ___punishment___________ Society Must provide the greatest ____good______ for the greatest number Social contract Individuals give up some ___freedom________ in return for social protection Central Concepts The Law Shouldn’t legislate ____morality_________ Must be written, transparent, rational and just Innocent until proven guilty No torture Punishment Must be specified in ____advance________ Should be certain, severe and swift Should be sufficient to deter crime Should not be _____excessive________ Classical Theory
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Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) British philosopher and jurist Popularized Beccaria’s views Advocated __utilitarianism___________ Society must contribute to happiness Choice Theory James Q. Wilson Thinking About Crime (1975) Criminals: Lack _____inhibition______. Seek ___excitement and thrills_____________ Have low stake in conformity (little to lose). Some are rational, will fear severe punishment. The irrational must be incapacitated. Therefore Reduce opportunity for _crime________ Use prison to incapacitate and deter. The Concepts of Rational Choice Theory Crime occurs after individual considers ________personal factors__________ Need for money, revenge, thrills and entertainment. Situational factors. Security, police effectiveness. Decision Is based on reasonable assessment of potential _________________ Offence and Offender Specifications _____offence specific crime____________________ What are the advantages and disadvantages of a particular type of crime? Offender-specific crime What are the particular skills, motives, needs, and fears of the offender?
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Structuring Crime Decision to commit crime depends on The _____location________ Is the criminal able to avoid detection? The target. Is the target vulnerable? Is there actually money in the till? The available means and techniques. Has the criminal learned the skills needed for the trade? Rational Choice and Routine Activities Rational Choice Micro view Why does an individual decide to commit a specific crime? Routine Activities Macro view How do social and economic changes influence opportunities for crime? Is Crime Rational? ____ economic crimes______________ Fraud, stock market manipulation. Street crimes
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This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course CRIM 101 taught by Professor Karenbrown during the Spring '11 term at Simon Fraser.

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Chapters 5 & 6 - Notes - Chapter 5 Choice Theory...

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