Chaptesr 7 & 8 - Notes

Chaptesr 7 & 8 - Notes - Chapter 7 Social Structure...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7 Social Structure Theories Sociological Criminology Sociology examines Patterns of crime within _______________ The effects of changing _____________, social institutions and technology. Crime as interaction. Economic Structure and Crime Social stratification Unequal distribution of _______________________and prestige. Social class Category of people who have similar possessions, attitudes, values, norms and lifestyle. Upper, middle and lower class. Changes in Stratification Reduced poverty among the elderly Access to health care, pensions, social security. More poverty among full-time workers 16% of children live in poverty (2004) Inequality Lower class Problems of housing, health care, family breakups, underemployment, despair. Blocked aspirations. High levels of dropping out, teenage pregnancy. Immigrants and racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to be poor. More likely to be victims of crime. The Culture of Poverty
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Oscar Lewis (1966) Apathy, cynicism, mistrust of social institutions. Cause and effect of poverty. Transmitted from generation to generation. Self-defeating. Gunnar Myrdal (1970) The underclass. Unemployment and Crime Question Does unemployment lead to crime or crime to unemployment? Evidence Structural High unemployment rates do not necessarily result in higher crime rates. Individual Convicted offenders are likely to have poor work records, high levels of unemployment. Branches of Social Structure Theory Social Disorganization Theory. Weakened social institutions in urban areas result in crime. Strain Theory . Blocked social aspirations result in despair and crime. Cultural Deviance Theory. Unique values of the lower class produces crime. Social Disorganization Theory Characteristics of Disorganization Transient population, mixed-use neighbourhood. Lack _______________________ High unemployment, single-parent families, dependence on social assistance, substandard housing. Social institutions Have broken down. Lack _______________________ Little sense of community
Background image of page 2
Lack communication, can’t pursue common goals. Concentric Zone Theory Shaw and McKay (Chicago, 1920s) Response to rapid immigration and urban deterioration. “Natural areas” of wealth and poverty. Transitional areas High population turnover. Defenceless against crime invasion. Transitional Neighbourhoods Many new ______________ Cheap _______________ Undermining of traditional culture Family and community lack authority Divergent cultural standards Intergenerational cultural conflict Value conflict leads to deviant goals and behaviour Concentric Zones Concentric Zone Theory Kids in ________________________ Have deviant __________________ Form adolescent gangs . Get into trouble with authorities (value conflict).
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course CRIM 101 taught by Professor Karenbrown during the Spring '11 term at Simon Fraser.

Page1 / 16

Chaptesr 7 & 8 - Notes - Chapter 7 Social Structure...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online