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Unformatted text preview: 2 SO 4 , HI, HBr, HCl, HNO 3 , HClO 3 Strong bases- Group 1 metal hydroxides, Ba(OH) 2 , Sr(OH) 2 , Ca(OH) 2 to solubility limit Binary acid trend and oxoacid trends K w and K a K b = K w pH of strong acids pH of weak acids Acid dissociation in water: HA + H 2 O H 3 O + + A-[ ][ ] [ ] HA A O H K a-+ = 3 Base dissociation in water: A-+ H 2 O HA + OH-[ ][ ] [ ]--= A HA OH K b Neutralization rxns Hydrolysis of salts Buffers ] [ ] [ log HA A pK pH a-+ = Titrations Binary acid trend pH, pOH, [H + ], [OH-]; if you know 1 of the 4, you can calculate the other 3. Neutral Conjugate Bases Cl-Br-I-NO 3-ClO 4-ClO 3-Acidic Conjugate Base HSO 4-Almost all other anions are Neutral Cations Li + Na + K + Rb + Cs + Ca 2+ Sr 2+ Ba 2+ All other cations are acidic; the more positively charged, the more acidic....
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