Ethics- AJ Ayer - 2 Ayers Emotivism-• Ethical concepts...

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Ethics- AJ Ayer Emotivism- 20th century philosopher Influenced by wittengenstein Metaethical position ( Nietzsche ) Emotions 1. Logical positivism- early 29 th century movement in philosophy 2. Verification principle- only statements which can be verified have literal or cognitive meaning 3. Emotivism- view that ethical statements are nothing but expression of affective states which don’t express truth or falsehoods. Ethics and Science? 1. Criticisms of subjectivism, utilitarianism, and absolutism
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Ayers Emotivism-• Ethical concepts are unanalyzable, pseudo concepts without factual content • Now days ethics may be able to be linked to science but not in the days of AJ Ayer • Can normal ethical concepts be reduced to scientific statements- Ayer says they cannot b/c you run into problems • Words like wrong are only emotional responses to things they are not verifiable...
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