FINAL REVIEW1 - Locke Foundation of knowledge, what we can...

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Locke Foundation of knowledge, what we can know for certain. 1. Berkeley argues towards Locke that if all knowledge is from reason how can we know there is a material substance 2. We don’t sense a material substance because it is unperceived. 3. Primary and secondary qualities 4. Knowledge begins with experience 5. Tabula Rasa 6. Ideas in the mind 7. Qualities exist in matter not in the mind 8. Primary qualities- Quantitative. Calculate mathematically Ex. Motion 9. Secondary qualities- Color, taste No real existence, qualitative, non-resemblance 10. Empiricist- where do ideas come from- founded British Empiricism 11. Locke uses the word qualities to mean when seeing a snowball- the power to produce ideas of the snowball 12. Representational realist ( like Russell )- we perceive representations, ideas that represent material substance Bertrand Russell 13. Representational realist 14. Appearance and reality 15. Search for certainty 16. Distinction between appearance and reality 17. Sense data- color, texture, shape, touch, sound 18. What we perceive is influenced by outside factors
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19. Table experiment 20. Real table is an inference from what is immediately known 21. Locke and Russell believe there is a real table but it is not perceived 22. Look at the parts of the table that reflect light and see they are different that the parts that do not 23. The table is a material substance Code 24. Feminism 25. Sex of the knower 26. In her essay Code talks about other philosophers who say that women’s knowledge is more subjective 27. According to Code the knower has been conceived as a white, affluent, adult, male, Cartesian pure inquirer, solitary thinker without significant intersubjective relations Berkeley 1. According to Berkeley the objects of knowledge as originally perceived do not fall into the category of innate ideas 2. Berkeley was a solipsist and an immaterialist who strongly believed that all we could know were the contents of our own mind- FALSE 3. Esse est percipi- Berkeley- to be is to be perceived 4. Berkeley views that holds universal views that our thoughts, passions, and ideas are formed by imagination and can exist without the mind- FALSE\ 5. Berkeley denies the purported distinctions between primary and secondary qualities 6. To be is to be perceived 7.
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FINAL REVIEW1 - Locke Foundation of knowledge, what we can...

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