Free will - Philosophy Free will Am I free to choose what I...

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Philosophy- Free will Am I free to choose what I do? 1. Determinism- everything happens for a reason Philosophical optimism- this is the best of all possible worlds. Everything works out for the best Philosophical pessimism- opposite 2. Fatalism- the doctrine that human action has no influence on events, everything that happens is predetermined 3. Problem of Divine ominence Aristotle- Voluntary and Involuntary action 1. Voluntary- result of a deliberate choice between alternatives, the end of the action is held to be the end it had at the moment of its performance 2. Cause of action is internal to the agent 3. Involuntary- actions performed- Under compulsion Result of ignorance, only when it causes another pain or regret 4. Non-voluntary- done in ignorance but no regret Baron D’Holbach- Are we cog in the universe? 1. What is a cog- One of the teeth in the rim of a wheel 2. Determinism- every event has a cause 3. Hard determinism- causes are external and follow necessary and immutable laws so that we cannot ultimately be held responsible for our actions
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Free will - Philosophy Free will Am I free to choose what I...

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