Philosophy 10-12 - : T HE P ICTURE THEORY OF MEANING...

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P HILOSOPHY 10-12-10 LANGUAGE D OES LANGUAGE MAKE ME THINK THE WAY I DO ? H OW ARE LANGUAGE AND THOUGHT RELATED ? 1. I N ORDER TO UNDERSTAND OUR THINKING WE NEED TO UNDERSTAND LANGUAGE 2. BUT WE CAN STUDY THE NATURE OF LANGUAGE USING LANGUAGE TO DO SO ? J ONATHAN S WIFT - 1667 TO 1745. “ GETTING RID OF WORDS FROM G ULLIVER S T RAVELS . P ROPOSALS FOR IMPROVING LANGUAGE : 1. SHORTENING DISCOURSE 2. A BOLISHING WORDS G ETTING RID OF WORDS : 1. A DVANTAGES - HEALTHIER LUNGS , LONGER LIVES , UNIVERSAL LANGUAGE 2. D ISADVANTAGES - CARRYING AROUND THE OBJECTS OF DISCOURSE COULD GET HEAVY Q UESTIONS 1. W OULD THIS BE AN IMPROVEMENT ? 2. W HAT ASPECTS OF LIFE WOULD THIS MAKE DIFFICULT ? L UDWIG W ITTGENSTEIN 1. A USTRIAN TAUGHT AT C AMBRIDGE 2. O NE OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PHILOSOPHERS OF THE 20 TH CENTURY T HE PROBLEM OF L ANGUAGE 1. H OW DOES LANGUAGE HOOK ONTO THE WORLD ? S IMPLE THINGS GO INTO BIGGER THINGS
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2. W HAT IS THE NATURE OF MEANING ? LANGUAGE - SIMPLE NAMES -> ELEMENTARY SENTENCES -> COMPLEX SENTENCES T HE WORLD : SIMPLE OBJECTS , FACTS 3. W ITTGENSTEIN S ANSWER IN THE T RACTATUS : T HE P ICTURE T HEORY OF M EANING EACH SENTENCE IS A LOGICAL PICTURE OF A FACT : S ENTENCE AND FACT SHARE THE SAME LOGICAL FORM 4. “ M EANING AS USE BACKGROUND
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Unformatted text preview: : T HE P ICTURE THEORY OF MEANING CONTAINED GRAVE MISTAKES • A FTER 16 YEARS OF REFLECTION WE HAVE A RATHER DIFFERENT APPROACH : MEANING AS USE MEANING OF A WORD IS HOW IT ’ S USED IN A PARTICULAR LANGUAGE GAME L ANGUAGE GAMES 1. CONSIST OF LANGUAGE AND ACTIONS THAT GO ALONG WITH IT . 2. SPEAKING OF LANGUAGE IS PART OF AN ACTIVITY OR A FORM OF LIFE P ROBLEM WITH A UGUSTINE ’ S PICTURE OF LANGUAGE 1. LEARNING LANGUAGE AS A CHILD IS LIKE GOING INTO A FOREIGN COUNTRY WITHOUT KNOWING THE LANGUAGE 2. BUT WHAT IF THE CHILD ALREADY THINKS AND JUST DOES NOT SPEAK T HOUGHTS ON P HILOSOPHY 1. “ FOR PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS ARISE WHEN LANGUAGE GOES ON HOLIDAY “ 2. “WHAT IS YOUR AIM IN PHILOSOPHY ? TO SHOW THE FLY THE WAY OUT OF THE FLY BOTTLE ?” 3. W HAT YOU MEAN IS INSIDE OF YOUR HEAD 4....
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course PHI 2010 taught by Professor Stanlick during the Fall '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Philosophy 10-12 - : T HE P ICTURE THEORY OF MEANING...

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