The Categorical Imperative

The Categorical Imperative - would do • Indifference to...

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The Categorical Imperative 1. Immanuel Kant 2. Universalizability- everyone doing what one person does 3. Where does this come from? Reason Goodwill= practical reason. Rational faculty for acting according to principles Freedom= ability to be governed by reason Distinction= between acts of Inclination and Acts of duty. Obligation or duty is necessary because we don’t always follow reason. 4. Categorical imperative- Suicide form self-love- do not kill yourself; absolute duty- contradictory because the reason you want to kill yourself is to help yourself and make everything better. Lying- do not lie; absolute duty- universalize lying? – cannot because it would undermine communication b/c no one would know when people are telling the truth if they are able to lie to help themselves. Neglect of natural gift- absolute duty to develop their gifts. – cold universalize it but it is not something a rational person
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Unformatted text preview: would do • Indifference to help others- absolute duty to help others- could universalize it but it is not the rational thing to will. It Is irrational b/c everyone needs help at some time. 5. Criticisms-• What if following the absolute rules could have a bad outcome • What happens when absolute rules conflict • Are they to formal or abstract • What if the imperative was applied to a specific situations would it work John Stuart Mill 1. Doctrine of the Swine 2. Mills response-• Human pleasures are more elevated than the pleasures of the swine • Pleasures of the intellect are higher than sensation 3. Many postpone higher pleasures to lower ones Utilitarianism 1. How can happiness be assessed 2. Happiness of majority requires unhappiness of minority 3. Should an ethical theory only consider consequences and not motives or intentions...
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The Categorical Imperative - would do • Indifference to...

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