CMN 101 Theories notes For test 2 (1)

CMN 101 Theories notes For test 2 (1) - Computer Mediated...

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Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) THEORY Social presence theory: text based messages deprive us of the sense that a warm body is jointly involved in the interaction. If we don’t feel anyone is actually there, or communication becomes impersonal, individualistic and task-oriented. Ex: Flaming email Media Richness Theory: Performances improve with the use of “richer” media equivocal tasks. o ***Both theories regard the absence of nonvberbal cues as a permanent flaw of medium. Social Information Processing Theory (SIP) o Individuals iniation and developing relationships using texted based mediums (online chat, email, instant messaging, can be developed o GULP vs. SIP SIP Key Ideas o Verbal cues of affinity replace nonverbal cues o Requires extended time 4:1 ratio 15mins of face to face interaction=1 hour of computer mediated interaction SIP: Hyperpersonal Perspective o Label used to describe CMC relationships that are more intimate than romances or friendships would be if partners were physically together o 4 elements that contribute to the hyperpersonal perspective Sender: selective self-perception Receiver: over attribution of similarity Channel: Communicating on your own time (asynchronies messages) Feedback: Self-fulfilling prophecy SIP: Critique o Motivated by affiliation need o The hyperpersonal perspective does not do a good job of explaining negative relational outcomes RELATIONAL DIALECTICS by: Leslie Baxter, Barbara Montegomery
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Central Concept: Contradiction o A contradiction is formed whenever two tendencies or forces are interdependent yet mutually negate one another Dialectics within relationships o Connectedness and separateness o Certainty and uncertainty o Openness and closedness Dialectics between the couple and the community o Inclusion and seclusion o Conventionality and uniqueness o Revelation and concealment Assumptions of Relational Dialectics o Relationships are not linear o Relational life is characterized by change o Contradictions or tensions between opposites never go away and never cease to provide tension o Communication is central to organizing and negotiating relation contradictions o Relationships need balance Managing the Dialectical Tensions o Denial—to being automous and independent o Disorentation—overwhelmed by tensions o Spiraling Alteration—active and open about tension o Segmentation—compartmentalizing your life o Balance o Integration—respond to both sides of tension simultaneously o Recalibration—how problems can bring you together o Reaffirmation—talk about the truth of the relationship **it’s a metaperception—perspective in which you view relationships
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Critique: Weakness o Not a theory at all o Its messy Critique: Strengths o Heuristic o Uncertainty Reduction Theory Premise: When strangers meet they are primarily concerned with increasing predictability in order to
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course CMN 101 taught by Professor Feng during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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CMN 101 Theories notes For test 2 (1) - Computer Mediated...

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