EXAM II REVIEW SHEET
PROF. SINELLI—THE HUMAN SPECIES
MAKE SURE YOU ALSO READ THE ASSOCIATED PAGES IN YOUR BOOK!
THERE ARE QUESTIONS FROM THAT MATERIAL AS WELL!
For the Lemur Movie:
What is the full title and who is the host?
* Lemurs with John Cleese. Host is John Cleese.
Where do lemurs live, when did they get there, and which species was the host looking
* Madagascar, Carolina five (ring-tailed lemurs)
Why do lemurs need protection?
* humans pooping on lives, pusa
General content questions are also fair game
Primate anatomy lecture
Evolution as a random process
What is morphology?
- form or anatomical structure of something
Primitive vs. derived
primitive: have been around for a long time
derived: evolve for a particular function or adaption
What makes primates unique?
Arboreal adaptation: know the 4 specific traits and why primates have these
versatile skeletal structure, enhanced sense of touch and vision, reduced reliance on smell and
Dietary plasticity: teeth and dental formula
what they eat a variety of foods
2133 primate NWM- derived 2123 OWM
Parental investment: what it means and its effects
invest a lot in offspring
have fewer children
Primate Evolution lecture:
For the Tertiary Period and its eras, know:
The order of epochs from 65 mya to the end of the Tertiary 1.8 mya
paleocene- plesiadapiforms (earliest primates ) , solid ring of bone around eye, protoprimates
true primates (euprimates), ancestors to modern prosimians, adapids (lemurs),
ommomyids (tarsiers), prosimians
oligocene- global cooling and extinction, anthropoids (monkeys) appear, some
prosimians survive, proliopithecids (cattarhines), parapithecids(plattyrhines),
aegyptopithecus (fayum,egypt):cattarhine, ancestor or ape humans and OWM
miocene- apes, proconsul: african ape, asia: sivapithicus and khorapihecus ( orangutans ),
europe: oreopithecus and dryopithecus went extinct. Gigantopithecus: asian and largest.