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Unformatted text preview: • Envisioned messiah as a temporal leader who would lead Jews to political freedom and consolidate Jewish ideals • Denied that soul survived after death of body 7. The pharisses • More influential than Sadduces • Jewish teachers and principal interpreters of Hebrew law • Advent of Messianic redeemer who would lead righteous to salvation • Human soul imperishable and would suffer eternal punishment 8. The Essences • Judea • Members lived in the monastic communities near the dead sea • Renounced worldly possessions • Practiced asceticism: strict self-denial and discipline • Immortal soul...
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- Spring '08
- Judaism, Judea, Babylonian captivity, Provincial Syria Palaestina