Types of research studies

Types of research studies - Types of research studies Gay...

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Types of research studies Gay (2008) describes six types of research studies that are used for educational research; however, these descriptions can be applied to all types of research. The qualitative versus quantitative approach to the classification of research activities classifies all research studies into one of six categories: Qualitative approach The qualitative approach involves the collection of extensive narrative data in order to gain insights into phenomena of interest. Data analysis includes the coding of the data and production of a verbal synthesis (inductive process). 1. Historical research 2. Qualitative research Quantitative approach The quantitative approaches involve the collection of numerical data in order to explain, predict, and/or control phenomena of interest. Data analysis is mainly statistical (deductive process). 3. Descriptive research 4. Correlational research 5. Causal-comparative research 6. Experimental Research Qualitative research approaches Historical research and qualitative research are the two types of research classified as qualitative research approaches. Historical research is involved with the study of past events. The following are some examples of historical research studies mentioned by Gay. Factors leading to the development and growth of cooperative learning Effects of decisions of the United States Supreme Court on Americal Education Trends in reading instruction, 1940-1945 Qualitative research , also referred to as ethnographic research, is involved in the study of current events rather than past events. It involves the collection of extensive narrative data (non-numerical data) on many variables over an extended period of time in a naturalistic setting. Participant observation, where the researcher lives with the subjects being observed is frequently used in qualitative research. Case studies are also used in qualitative research. Some examples of qualitative studies mention by Gay are:
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Types of research studies - Types of research studies Gay...

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