Comma - The Comma The comma is of course a very common mark...

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The Comma The comma is, of course, a very common mark of punctuation in our language- so it's also often misused. Here are four simple rules that will help you use the comma correctly in most situations: 1. Use a comma after most introductory elements- after words, phrases, and dependent clauses Whenever there are storms in the winter, beaches usually erode. After winter storms, beaches usually erode. Furthermore, beaches sometimes erode during summer storms. You don't always need to put a comma after introductory elements. For short introductory elements, use a comma only if you think the reader needs a pause. For example, the comma in this next sentence is optional: Sometimes, beaches erode during the summer. A caution: don't think of the words "and" and "but" as introductory elements - they normally don't have commas after them: WRONG: But, beaches sometimes expand in the summer. RIGHT: But beaches sometimes expand in the summer.
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