Writing Guide_010109

Writing Guide_010109 - Provided Jeffrey S. Appel, Ph.D....

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Provided Jeffrey S. Appel, Ph.D. Certified Core Adjunct Professor National University, School of Engineering and Technology Work Number: 619-553-9553 e-mail: jeffrey.appel@natuniv.edu Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives Benjamin Bloom created this taxonomy for categorizing level of abstraction of questions that commonly occur in educational settings. The taxonomy provides a useful structure in which to categorize test questions, since professors will characteristically ask questions within particular levels, and if you can determine the levels of questions that will appear on your exams, you will be able to study using appropriate strategies. Knowledge Observation and recall of information Knowledge of dates, events, places Knowledge of major ideas Mastery of subject matter Question Cues: list, define, tell, describe, identify, show, label, collect, examine, tabulate, quote, name, who, when, where, etc. Comprehension Understanding information Grasp meaning Translate knowledge into new context Interpret facts, compare, contrast Order, group, infer causes Predict consequences Question Cues: summarize, describe, interpret, contrast, predict, associate, distinguish, estimate, differentiate, discuss, extend Application Use information Use methods, concepts, theories in new situations Solve problems using required skills or knowledge Questions Cues: apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illustrate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change, classify, experiment, discover Analysis Seeing patterns
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Organization of parts Recognition of hidden meanings Identification of components Question Cues: analyze, separate, order, explain, connect, classify, arrange, divide, compare, select, explain, infer Synthesis Use old ideas to create new ones Generalize from given facts Relate knowledge from several areas Predict, draw conclusions Question Cues: combine, integrate, modify, rearrange, substitute, plan, create, design, invent, what if?, compose, formulate, prepare, generalize, rewrite Evaluation Compare and discriminate between ideas Assess value of theories, presentations Make choices based on reasoned argument Verify value of evidence
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Writing Guide_010109 - Provided Jeffrey S. Appel, Ph.D....

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