Provided Jeffrey S. Appel, Ph.D.
Certified Core Adjunct Professor
National University, School of Engineering and Technology
Work Number: 619-553-9553
Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives
Benjamin Bloom created this taxonomy for categorizing level of abstraction of questions that
commonly occur in educational settings. The taxonomy provides a useful structure in which to
categorize test questions, since professors will characteristically ask questions within particular
levels, and if you can determine the levels of questions that will appear on your exams, you will
be able to study using appropriate strategies.
Observation and recall of information
Knowledge of dates, events, places
Knowledge of major ideas
Mastery of subject matter
list, define, tell, describe, identify, show, label, collect, examine, tabulate, quote, name, who,
when, where, etc.
Translate knowledge into new context
Interpret facts, compare, contrast
Order, group, infer causes
summarize, describe, interpret, contrast, predict, associate, distinguish, estimate, differentiate,
Use methods, concepts, theories in new situations
Solve problems using required skills or knowledge
apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illustrate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change,
classify, experiment, discover