Chapter 16 Critical thinking & primary documents.pdf -...

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Critical thinking Question 1: How do you think would history have been di ff erent if Lincoln had not been assassinated? How might his leadership after the war have di ff ered from that of Andrew Johnson? Answer 1: I believe if Abraham Lincoln was alive and had not been assassinated in Ford’s Theatre in April 14, 1865, Reconstruction and the post-war era would have been more historically positive and ambitious. I think Lincoln would have achieved more things politically and socially for America, and would have done more to fight against many injustices in this country. Andrew Johnson did not have a positive presidency, says his impeachment. Lincoln had plans, but Andrew Johnson created policies and actions that went against the Republican Party and angered many, like his pardoning of Southerners. Lincoln would have continued to be a great figure for his party and I believe would have provided more as leadership than Johnson. If he was not assassinated, I believe that Lincoln would have continued his legacy and his fight for justice in America. Question 2: Was the Thirteenth Amendment a success or a failure? Discuss the reasons for your answer. Answer 2: The 13th amendment was a success. The 13th amendment aimed at prohibiting slavery throughout the United States. And that was a success, slavery was really abolished and the purpose of the amendment was achieved. However, abolishing slavery did not make blacks equal. The end of slavery did not bring an end to prejudice and racism, but these were not the aims of this amendment. For this reason, we can conclude that the amendment was a success. Question 3: Consider the di ff erences between the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments. What does the Fourteenth Amendment do that the Thirteenth does not? Answer 3: The 13th Amendment o cially abolishes and continues to prohibit slavery in the US. The 14th Amendment declares all persons born or naturalized in the US American citizens including African Americans. The 13th Amendment was passed on Senate April 8th 1864. The 14th Amendment was ratified July 9th 1868. The main di ff erence between both Amendments is that the 14th Amendment considers ex slave citizens, which the 13th Amendment does not do. This means that ex-slaves and

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