Forensic Science SENIOR PROJECT! - Gomenyuk 1 Ever wonder...

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Gomenyuk 1 Ever wonder how detectives and police officers can solve crimes based on finding little things such as finger prints or bloodstains that are left behind unintentionally? They rely on forensic science to help them solve cases having to do with rape, murder, theft, and crimes of that nature. It is important for the definition of forensic science to be clearly defined first. “Forensic science may generally be defined as the application of scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge to assist courts in resolving questions of fact in civil and criminal trials”(Forensic Access). This paper will explain how forensic science began historically, how it has evolved until present time helping solve crimes, and how the perception of forensic science is influenced by television shows. Forensic Science began gradually developing since the Roman time. In 44 B.C. Antistius, a Roman physician who examined Julius Caesar’s body came with the conclusion that “out of Caesar’s twenty three wounds, only one had been fatal” (Bursztajn). In 1000 A.D. a Roman attorney named Quintilian proved that a blind man was framed of killing his mother by showing a bloody fingerprint that belonged to someone else. In the year 1248, the Chinese published “Hsi DuanYu”, a book that informed people how to tell the difference between a drowned and strangluated victim. Ambroise Paré , a French army surgeon, wrote a book in the 1540’s on how gunshot and arrow wounds affect our internal organs. In the 1830’s, since Arsenic had been commonly used for murder, James Marsh created the first affective Arsenic detection test. This test is still used today. In 1892, Francis Galton published the first book on fingerprints and how they can lead to solving crimes. Later in 1897, the first fingerprinting bureau opened in India. It was not until 1906, that Unites States began fingerprinting criminals. In 1905, Theodore Roosevelt organized the Federal Bureau of Investigation, also known as FBI. They created their own crime laboratory in 1932. However, the first police crime laboratory ever established was in
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Gomenyuk 2 1910 by Edmund Locard. The DNA profiling technique was first produced in 1985 by Sir Alec Jeffreys. Gradually over the years, new things that are essential in forensic science today were being constantly discovered. Today, forensic science is split into several branches. Each branch has a specific duty to perform its job and find answers based on all the evidence and information they get from a crime scene. These branches include forensic biology, forensic chemistry, forensic anthropology, forensic odontology, forensic pathology, and forensic psychology. It often takes several branches to solve a case.
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