Unit 1 Study Guide ( Ch 1, 2. 3. 4)

Unit 1 Study Guide ( Ch 1, 2. 3. 4) - Chapter1 1....

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Unit 1 Study Guide PGS 101 Chapter 1 1. The three major ideas in the definition of psychology are:  Science, Mental Process, & Behavior  (p. 4) 2. The four goals of psychology are:  To predict and control mental processes and behaviors,  (p. 5) 3. What are the parent disciplines of psychology?  Philosophy & Physiology   (p. 11) 4. Which historical figure is associated with functionalism, one of the earlier schools of psychology? William James  (p. 12) 5. Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution influenced which early school of psychology? Functionalism  (p. 12-13) 6. One serious criticism of psychodynamic theory stated in the text was that  They are subjective, and only observable.  (p. 15) 7. According to behaviorists, people behave in certain ways because:  Stimuli or Surroundings  (p. 15-16) 8. What is a major difference between behaviorism and cognitive psychology? Behaviorism studies observable behaviors. Cognitive studies thoughts and non-observable thoughts.  (p.  17) 9. Evolutionary psychology is most closely associated with which early school of psychology?  Functionalism  (p. 18-19) 10. Which type of psychologist would be most likely the one to treat a person with anorexia nervosa  based on the example case provided in the text?  Clinical Psychologist  (p. 22) 11. A psychiatrist has a (an)  Ph.D.  degree, whereas a psychologist has a(an)  M.D.  degree. (p.23) 12. Which type of psychologist would be most interested in how groups influence individuals’  behavior?  Social psychologist  (p. 23) 13. In California, Arizona, and most other states, if a client threatens the life of another individual,  his/her therapist must:  Report it.  (p. 30-31) 1
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14. Can psychologists prescribe medicine?   No  (p.30) 15.  Neuroethics  is a relatively new branch of ethics that addresses the dangers and benefits of research  investigating the brain. (p. 32) 16. The problem with the research method of introspection was that: It is difficult to prove that mental images actually exist and objects can indeed be visualized  (p. 12) 17. It was the  behaviorists  who led us to believe that the observation of animals could provide  clues to human behavior. (p. 15-16) 18. According to  humanistic  psychology, people have positive values, free will, and a deep inner  creativity, which in combination allow us to choose life-fulfilling paths to personal growth. (p. 16) 19. What school of psychology is considered to be the first formal movement in psychology?  Structuralism  (p. 11-12)       20. What was a major goal of this school?
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