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Chapter 8 Understanding and Installing Hard Drives

Chapter 8 Understanding and Installing Hard Drives -...

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Understanding and Installing Hard Drives Chapter #8 Amy Hissom Key Terms 80 conductor IDE cable — An IDE cable that has 40 pins but uses 80 wires, 40 of which are ground wires designed to reduce crosstalk on the cable. The cable is used by ATA/66, ATA/100, and ATA/133 IDE drives. active partition — The primary partition on the hard drive that boots the OS. Windows NT/2000/XP calls the active partition the system partition. ANSI (American National Standards Institute) — A nonprofit organization dedicated to creating trade and communications standards. autodetection — A feature on newer system BIOS and hard drives that automatically identifies and configures a new drive in the CMOS setup. block mode — A method of data transfer between hard drive and memory that allows multiple data transfers on a single software interrupt. boot sector virus — An infectious program that can replace the boot program with a modified, infected version of the boot command utilities, often causing boot and data retrieval problems. CHS (cylinder, head, sector) mode — The traditional method by which BIOS reads from and writes to hard drives by addressing the correct cylinder, head, and sector. Also called normal mode. DMA transfer mode — A transfer mode used by devices, including the hard drive, to transfer data to memory without involving the CPU. ECHS (extended CHS) mode See large mode. EIDE (Enhanced IDE) — A standard for managing the interface between secondary storage devices and a computer system. A system can support up to six serial ATA and parallel ATA IDE devices or up to four parallel ATA IDE devices such as hard drives, CD-ROM drives, and Zip drives. enhanced BIOS — A system BIOS that has been written to accommodate large-capacity drives (over 504 MB, usually in the gigabyte range). extended partition — The only partition on a hard drive that can contain more than one logical drive. hard drive controller — The firmware that controls access to a hard drive contained on a circuit board mounted on or inside the hard drive housing. Older hard drives used firmware on a controller card that connected to the drive by way of two cables, one for data and one for control. head — The top or bottom surface of one platter on a hard drive. Each platter has two heads.
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