The Nile River Valley gave rich, fertile soil for farming. Yearly floods provided fresh nutrients. People settled there over 5,000 years ago. The Egyptians believed in many gods and in a perfect eternal life after death. They were ruled by pharaohs with absolute power. After death, they preserved their ruler's bodies by embalming and buried them in pyramid tombs. These royal tombs were decorated by paintings and filled with food, jewelry, clothing, weapons, tools, and statues. Egyptians also invented hieroglyphic writing and made advances in medicine, mathematics, and irrigation and farming methods. Their way of life thrived until 30 BC, when the Romans conquered the empire. Harder - Egypt was the longest-lived civilization in the ancient world. Their ancient culture along the Nile River in northeastern Africa began about 3,300 BC and thrived for over 3,000 years. Seasonal rains in the southern highlands inundated the Nile every year causing the river to overflow its banks. When the floodwaters receded, a layer of rich black topsoil covered the flood
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