The Pharaoh - compromise with them. But at least in theory,...

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The Pharaoh (FARE-oh) owned all of Egypt, and everything in it. All the land, all the tools, all the animals, and all the people. He (or sometimes she) could tell anybody what to do, and they would have to do it. This is called a monarchy. Of course the Pharaoh could not always be telling everybody what to do. So the Pharaoh chose men to represent him, and assigned them to big estates all over Egypt. These rich men and women ran the estates, and on them they could tell everybody what to do. But even the rich people were supposed to do whatever the Pharaoh said to do, and they had to send him some of the food that was grown on that land. Some, at least, of these estate-holders were priests, holding the estate for the gods, but these religious estates were run in the same way, and they also had to pay some food to the Pharaoh. When the Pharaoh was weaker, especially in the First and Second Intermediate Periods, sometimes he (or she) could not make the rich people do what he (or she) wanted them to. Often the Pharaoh had to
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Unformatted text preview: compromise with them. But at least in theory, the rich people had to do whatever the Pharaoh said, and ordinary people had to do whatever the rich people said The Pharaoh owned all of Egypt, and everything in it, all the land, all the tools, all the animals, and all the people. The Pharaoh could tell anybody what to do, and they would have to do it. This is called a monarchy. Of course the Pharaoh could not always be telling everybody what to do. So the Pharaoh chose men to represent him, and assigned them to big estates all over Egypt. These rich men and women ran the estates, and on them they could tell everybody what to do. But even the rich people were supposed to do whatever the Pharaoh said to do, and they had to send him some of the food that was grown on that land. Some, at least, of these estate-holders were priests, holding the estate for the gods, but these religious estates were run in the same way, and they also had to pay some food to the Pharaoh....
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course EDU 101-404 taught by Professor Ide during the Spring '11 term at DeVry Phoenix.

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