Physical Geography Test2

Physical Geography Test2 - PhysicalGeographyTest2 16:31...

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Physical Geography Test 2 16:31 Climate Why do we care about climate? o How does climate affect you and other people? o Where to Live, recreation, Moods, agriculture, business,  7 Ways to think about Climate o Latitude o Altitude o Distribution of Land/Water o Topography o Ocean Currents o o Air Masses/Winds Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification System o First Global map (1928), one of the most famous and most useful maps o Map uses average monthly temperature, precipitation, annual rainfall, and  other factors to calculate climate classes o 6 major climate classes A Tropical C Mesothermal- Mid Latitude Mild D Microthermal- Mid Latitude Severe
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E Polar B Determined by Temperature Desert and Steppe H Highlands o Limitations of Koppen System Good at the Global Scale, but not detailed on the Local Scale Does not consider Wind Temperature Extremes Precipitation intensity Quality of sunshine or cloud cover 11 Climate types o Tropical Rainforest o Tropical Monsoon o Tropical Savanna o Desert o Steppe o Hum Subtropical o Marine west coast o Mediterranean o Humid continental and subarctic o Polar
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o Highland Climate is closely tied to vegetation patterns, so we will study them together,  What is a biome? o Climatically and geographically defined area of similar ecosystems  (similarly adapted plants and animals) discernible at the global scale Biomes aren’t perfect o Biomes mainly based on climax vegetation, vegetation without human  interference Smaller Scales o Ecosystems o Communities  A Climates- Tropical Boring Little Day-to-day change, little frontal activity 3 major influences on tropical weather o ITCZ o Trade Winds o Sub-Tropical highs Higher Lats more influence of STH Lower Lats more influence of ITCZ o Consistent day length, average monthly temps never <64, Precipitation Tropical Rainforest TRF Highest discharge of water in the world in the amazon Signature of TRF o High Rainfall in all months o Warm all months o Lack of Seasonality o Distributed around the equator o ½ of forests in TRF are in the world High Biomass and Bio Diversity o Biomass= living or recently living biological material, usually measured by  dry wt. o Biodiversity= includes abundance and variety of a species
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16:31 TRF Biome
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16:31 Vegetation is continuous broadleaf evergreen canopy o Closed canopy forest Multiple Vertical Strata o Ecological niches distributed vertically instead of horizontally o Competition for light under the canopy is fierce
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Physical Geography Test2 - PhysicalGeographyTest2 16:31...

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