1004_chapter8F09

1004_chapter8F09 - Lubbock, TX Chapter 8 Agriculture and...

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Unformatted text preview: Lubbock, TX Chapter 8 Agriculture and Food Production Lubbock, TX Agriculture and Food Production Agriculture: cultivation of crops and raising of livestock for sustenance and/or for profit Hearth Areas Subsistence Agriculture People consume all that they produce/find Subsistence Agriculture Shifting cultivation Rotate fields cultivated to maintain soil fertility (some fields lay fallow for time) multiple crops in same field A husband and wife tend their vegetable garden in Malawi. Subsistence Agriculture Slash-and-burn agriculture: A type of shifting cultivation What are the steps for slashing and burning? Is slash-and-burn agriculture bad for the environment? Subsistence Agriculture Does shifting cultivation support high numbers of people? No, but it can be very labor intensive at some stages Subsistence Agriculture People consume all that they produce/find Subsistence Agriculture Intensive Subsistence Efficient use of small land area to maximize crop yield; land doesnt lay fallow Rice and grains often planted Can it support higher numbers than shifting? Subsistence Agriculture Intensive Subsistence Gender Division of Labor Men clear away vegetation, cut down trees, and burn stumps in Vietnam. Women sow seeds and harvest the crops. Terraced rice field in Bali, Indonesia Subsistence Agriculture People consume all that they produce/find Subsistence Agriculture Pastoralism Breeding and herding of animals Where is pastoralism practiced, and why there? What do people get from animals? What animals? How do pastoralists get a balanced diet? Subsistence Agriculture Pastoralism involves the breeding and herding of animals to satisfy the human needs for food, shelter, and clothing. Mongolia Yurt Subsistence Agriculture Pastoralism Transhumance: migration of herds with seasons gricultural Revolution and Industrialization Agricultural practices have changed at different times in different places; some places still unaffected by new practices gricultural Revolution and Industrialization Agricultural practices have changed at different times in different places; some places still unaffected by new practices First Agricultural Revolution What happened during this revolution? (review from earlier in course) gricultural Revolution and Industrialization gricultural Revolution and Industrialization Second Agricultural Revolution Coincides with industrialization (different time depending on place) Increased crop yield Innovations for plowing Improvements in agricultural production (ex., application of fertilizers) gricultural Revolution and Industrialization...
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course ART 3514 taught by Professor Dhbannan during the Summer '03 term at Virginia Tech.

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1004_chapter8F09 - Lubbock, TX Chapter 8 Agriculture and...

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