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CIVIL RIGHTS FINAL EXAM! for mia

CIVIL RIGHTS FINAL EXAM! for mia - Mia Simms Africana...

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Mia Simms December 13, 2010 Africana Studies 2354 1. Life chances were significantly different in the north and south during the civil rights movement. If we consider the pre-Reconstruction Civil war conditions of both, we can better understand how we have come to the present state in America. The south during the Civil War was mostly farmland, spread out, and the majority of the population was enslaved blacks who had no rights as citizens, and the economy was mostly based off of farming. In the North during the civil war, it was mostly industrial employment and there were more opportunities for blacks to advance themselves in education and other areas of employment such as service jobs. Wright states: “it finally became right [for white men] to treat black men wrong, and wrong to treat them right.” The Civil Rights movement is primarily documented as a southern movement in which discrimination was practiced frequently and openly. Store owners clearly labeled their storefronts with degrading signs labeled "Whites Only" and the like to discriminate and allow only certain races to access certain public spaces and facilities and waiting areas. In the north, blacks were separated geographically by where they lived, as was the case with Chicago's south side. One of the primary components of the Civil Rights Movement that made it centered in the south was the strength of the southern churches, which were the center of the movement. Primarily the ministers that already possessed a charismatic glow that drew people to them and were thus able to mobilize their parishioners to act and organize in a unified fashion. Black people did not feel welcome in a great many places in the south because of the heavily emphasized strata of segregation. Because the church was the domain of the black community, ministers felt empowered to encourage and mobilize their parishioners to achieve, and organize and made local and national changes to their communities. One organization that was born of these efforts is was the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) which was a Christian organization organized through the church aimed to promote nonviolent means of demonstration. Their demonstrations furthered the movement as it spread from its southern grassroots and spread to the north. 2. If we consider that the civil rights movement began long before the 60's, then we have to look at the leaders that started the social revolution post emancipation. Leaders like W.E.B. Dubois and Booker T. Washington were at the forefront of radically changing the status quo. As newly emancipated slaves looked for a way to make a living beyond the skillset that they possessed, in order to make a living. in order to achieve this, social thinkers such as Booker T. Washington suggested vocational education that could allow them to use their resources as physical laborers in order to make a life for themselves. However, W.E.B. Dubois headed the Niagara Movement.
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