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Unformatted text preview: Andre Hinojosa 12601675 Psychology 7A Outline: Chapter 7 Learning Definition: Learning- a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience A. How do we learn? 1. What are some basic forms of learning? • Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence. • Learned associations also feed our habitual behaviors. • By linking two events that occur together, animals exhibit associative learning. • Associative Learning- learning that certain events occur together. • The significance of an animal’s learning is illustrated by the challenges captive bred animals face when introduced into the wild. • Conditioning is the process of learning associations. In classical conditioning, we learn to associate two stimuli and thus to anticipate events. Operant conditioning, we learn to associate a response and its consequence. • Through observational learning, we learn from others’ experiences. • By conditioning and by observation we humans learn and adapt to our environments. B. Classical Conditioning 2. What is classical conditioning, and how did Pavlov’s work influence behaviorism? • Classical Conditioning- a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events. • Behaviorism- the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes. • Watson and Pavlov shared both a disdain for “mentalistic” concepts and a belief that the basic laws of learning were the same for all animals. 3. Pavlov’s Experiments- How does a neutral stimulus become a conditioned stimulus? • Pavlov’s direction came when his creative mind seized an accidental observation- putting food in a dog’s mouth caused the animal to salivate. • Pavlov and his assistants t ried to imagine what the dog was thinking and feeling as it drooled in anticipation of the food. • Because salivation in response to food in the mouth was unlearned, Pavlov called it an unconditioned response (UR)....
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course PSYCH 7A taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at UC Irvine.
- Fall '09