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Questions+to+ask+of+readings-1 - What is anthropology- the...

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What is anthropology - the study of humankind, or the science of culture or man Four-field anthropology- archeology (bones and fossils), biological (biology), linguistic (language), social (society and social environment) The Crystal Palace- organized the art of culture that formed the beginning of anthropology, first time all the cultures met at the world fair in 1851. The age of equipoise - the production of the national conscious Sociocultural evolution- describing how cultures and societies have developed over time The comparative method of anthropology- As a discipline, anthropology begins with a simple yet powerful idea: any detail of our behavior can be understood better when it is seen against the backdrop of the full range of human behavior. This, the comparative method, attempts to explain similarities and differences among people holistically, in the context of humanity as a whole. The historical method of anthropology- the method of studying customs in their relation to the total culture of the people practicing them. We need to understand each culture with its own history before trying to come up with a grand theory of human history. Fieldwork- living in another culture and trying to understand them Ethnography- the actual information you write down, the qualitative account. A detailed account Colonialism and anthropology- this was important because this was when civilized people were meeting uncivilized people. Coevalness- sharing the same place and time Cultural relativism- why people do fieldwork, people must be understood in their own context of their own culture. Interpretive anthropology What is “culture”?- a system of symbolic meaning, both symbolic and material, learned not inherited, shared not idiosyncratic, particular not universal. Race- a classification of human groups based on criteria that try to correlate physical forms with mental traits, temperaments, and behaviors Scientific racism- use of scientific methods to support or validate racists attitudes in world views. Nature vs. culture Race as a “social construct”- people tend to put stereotypes on races Naturalization- the process of becoming a citizen of a country. Anthropology as social critique- anthro not only tries to make sense of other people’s lives but also challenges our own assumptions about what is natural, universal, normal and true. 3 changes in anthropology Cosmology -the study of the origin, or how things are created. Not only study of the universe, it helps us make sense of the world we live in. Creation myth- a myth on how something was created Duality (Claude Levi-Strauss) Map(s) of the world- maps are based on by historical, and cultural factors. The way we map our world is culturally. Fluidity of space-
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2a taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '06 term at UC Irvine.

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Questions+to+ask+of+readings-1 - What is anthropology- the...

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