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SOCI 1 Lecture Notes 1118

SOCI 1 Lecture Notes 1118 - SOCI 1 Lecture Notes The Social...

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SOCI 1 Lecture Notes 11/18/10 The Social Construction of Gender Cultural Structures (Farrelly, Kimmel, Blair-Loy, Hamilton) Hegemonic masculinity - ruling ideology: justifies men’s dominance - ideal man strong, successful, “breadwinner,” competitive, aggressive, independent, fearless - repudiation of the feminine - reinforces sexual difference b/w men and women - homophobia Emphasized femininity - “oriented to accommodating the interests and desires of men” - “sociability rather than technical competence” - “acceptance of marriage and childcare in response to labor market discrimination” - Farrelly’s Duke women: effortless perfection Mathematical Reasoning - on average, o girls and women get better school grades o women better at math calculation o men score better on math exams study of mathematically precocious youth (7 th graders SATs) ratio of scores over 700: 2000: 2.8 males to 1 female 1975: 13 males to 1 female Institutions such as the family, the workplace, media, and sport are GENDER FACTORIES - creating/maintaining gender diffs/inequality Title IX (1972) - no person… shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any
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