SOCI 2 Week 1

SOCI 2 Week 1 - Ng 1 Sharon Ng Professor Evans TA Lila...

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Ng 1 Sharon Ng Professor Evans, TA Lila Sharif SOCI 2 – A03 24 January 2011 Week 1 Study Questions 1. A characteristic of a modern way of thinking about society is central around the emergence (invention and reproduction) of a contemporary way of thinking about society. Sociology is formed and composed of new groups of ideas about society, which are constantly changing, allowing people to think about society in a different way. This form of reflection on society is a key characteristic feature of modern thought (Hamilton 3). 2. Hamilton points out the important connection between the Enlightenment and the development of modern social science. He argues that Enlightenment ideas carry on over to modern sociology because several philosophes, like Auguste Comte, Sainte Simon, and Emile Durkheim are integral figures that contributed to thought and reason, which eventually influenced social sciences. Enlightenment figures collaborate a set of interconnected ideas, values, and beliefs, which provide an image of the social world and how to think about it. A good example would be St. Simon and Auguste Comte’s idea of the “positivist” approach in social science. They strived to understand science as universal (3). 3. The Enlightenment challenged the existing beliefs coming from a traditional world-view, dominated by religion, particularly Christianity. Enlightenment intellectuals challenged the clergy. The philosophes wanted to replace the established forms of knowledge that
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Ng 2 was heavily reliant on religious authority. Back then, knowledge was referred to the Bible, and all of this was transmitted around the world through religious institutions of schools, churches, colleges, etc. New forms of knowledge depended on experience, experiment, reason, and science (6, 12-13). 4. The traditional social structure of the 18 th century Europe was composed predominately of the elites and upper class. The Enlightenment thinkers refused to believe that they were rebels of the revolutionaries because they believed that progress would occur if the existing social order spread ideas among other people, spreading the influence (15). 5.
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course SOCI 2 taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '10 term at UCSD.

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SOCI 2 Week 1 - Ng 1 Sharon Ng Professor Evans TA Lila...

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