8-24 Notes - -They believed actions could impact the future...

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American Government – 8/24/07 I. Democracy A. Greeks - Believed our actions could shape our destinies (modern). - Observers; pushed forward science. Aristotle’s Typologies of Government: Who Rules? Obey (rule all) Not Obey (rule themselves) One Kingship (Wisdom) - Most efficient form of government, but not necessarily most fair. - Needs wisdom to do the right thing. Tyranny (Power) - Wants him to fear you - “Marked” for punishment Few Aristocracy (Virtue) - Small group of people in an elevated position. - Noblesse Oblige: the obligations of the nobles; have special privileges, but also special responsibilities. Oligarchy (Wealth) Many Polity ( Equity: getting what you deserve; Justice) Democracy (Equality) - can never be truly equal - We differ from the Greeks because we understand the importance of the individual. - They had a stronger sense of community. - “Hermit” and “Idiot” were interchangeable words. - It was not uncommon for convicts to address an assembly to suggest an alternative punishment. - Greeks saw the world as dynamic, constantly changing.
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Unformatted text preview: -They believed actions could impact the future. B. Early Christianity-Believes life is static, not dynamic.-Greeks believed life continued in cycles (the circularity of life), whereas Christians believed it linear, with a beginning, a middle, and an end (predestination).-Expected individuals to accept their class/ place/ status, because trying to change would be to change God’s will, an insult to Him. C. Rome-Adopted Greece’s democracy in its early existence.-Caesar later seized control, creating a line of imperialists a.) Expanded territory b.) Became Christian-Rome collapsed, losing its social and political structures. a.) Only the Church remained. D. Middle Ages-Built the feudal system; hierarchy.-Structures of the Middle Ages: a.) King Duke Earl Squire Peasant b.) Pope Archbishop Bishop Priest-Needed people to control their life.-The King protected and helped the Church....
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