8-23 Notes

8-23 Notes - Sociology 8/23/07 I. II. Explaining Behavior -...

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Sociology – 8/23/07 I. Explaining Behavior - people generally behave as we expect them to - sociology emerged to study the agrarian to industrial way of life A. Why do people behave in expected ways? Casual Explanations 1.) Religion/ Myths (predetermination) a.) non-scientific, so it discounts 2-4 b.) believe we can’t control our fates/ destinies c.) left to a higher power 2.) Genetics (defects, extra Y chromosome) a.) in prison, inmates typically had an extra Y chromosome (XYY) b.) unconscious factor 3.) Biological (evolution, hormones) a.) more testosterone = more aggressive 4.) Psychological (personality, cognitive, developmental) a.) i.e. how a child grows up/ is raised 5.) Sociological/ Cultural (Social Structure) a.) the emphasis on social structure makes sociology unique b.) brings studies to “neighborhood level” c.) When it was founded, they had to legitimize it by discounting the other factors (1-4) i.) although they need the other factors today, discounting them is a “gut reaction”
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8-23 Notes - Sociology 8/23/07 I. II. Explaining Behavior -...

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