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Exam 1 - Flashcards - The flashcards are formatted for...

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Agricultural Revolution Neolithic
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The New Stone Age, which began between 10,000 and 11,500 years ago with the transition to simple farming. The gradual shift from hunting and gathering to farming, occurring over hundreds of years.
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Ziggurat Hittites
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An Indo-European people who invaded Mesopotamia, moving from their base in central Anatolia; famous for their later use of iron weapons. A stepped, pyramidal- shaped temple building in Sumerian cities, seen as the home of the chief god of the city.
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Cuneiform Sedentary
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Abiding in one place; not migratory. (“wedge-shape”) Latin term used to describe the writing system invented by the Sumerians.
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Hammurabi Epic of Gilgamesh
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World’s first poem and epic; examined morality; echoes Hammurabi’s view of the world as a dangerous place in which happiness is hard to find. Babylon’s most famous king who reunified Mesopotamia; had nearly 300 laws collected and “published” on a pillar in the city; law of retaliation most noted principle.
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Horus Akkadians
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Dominated Sumerians; first empire; struggles between rival cities became endemic, generating frequent warfare.
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