Exam 2 - Study Guide - The Shang Dynasty: First historical...

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The Shang Dynasty: First historical dynasty; an organized state in the Hwang Ho valley with an advance level of culture covering a relatively small area in northern China; some basic element of later Chinese civilizations established – such as agrarian life, raising of silkworms, development of writing, and bronze vessels and art objects. Confucius: Noble in the small state of Lu, where he set up a kind of Academy for discovering and teaching wisdom – an elaborate system of rules by which people might live in disciplines society. Yamato: First state ruling a majority of the Japanese people; a national government ruling over smaller groups based on clans and territorial control, each headed by a hereditary chief; headed by emperors, all ancestors of the same imperial family that rules Japan today. 17-point Constitution: Created by Prince Shitoku Modeled Japan after China; greater centralization; divided into provinces Shotoku: An ardent Buddhist who sponsored the building of temples, used Buddhism to unify the politically fragmented Japanese society, and also promoted Confucian values. Shinto: (“Way of the gods”) The ancient animalistic Japanese cult that emphasized closeness to nature; enjoyed rich mythology that included many deities. Legalism:
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Exam 2 - Study Guide - The Shang Dynasty: First historical...

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