Exam 2 - Study Guide2 - Analyze the factors that led to the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Analyze the factors that led to the divergent political evolution of Sparta and Athens • Greek land mountainous o No plains or river valleys o Natural harbors o Sea-faring people because of lack of land o Create separate city-states because of mountains • Warfare o Rise of Hoplite warfare Rediscovered iron smelting o Phalanxes Neutralize Calvary • Put Greeks on steady path towards military greatness • Athens – Democracy o Largest Polis (see Polis) o Hub of intellectual life o Solon must deal with land problems Created new constitution Eliminated debt New Council of 400 o Pisistratus took over (tyrant) Changed existing laws to help common people Gave from rich to poor Led to revolt o Cleisthenes o Founded democracy 1-year terms Law-making body (legislative) • Sparta – Invaders o Invade Messenians, use them as slaves (helotry) Messenian slaves outnumbered them, so they created a military state. o Geared towards warfare Little aristocratic development 7-60 (active duty) Describe the institution of the polis and explain the political developments in ancient Greece, and their significance. • Polis: city-state o Important for political and social life o Creates profound sense of identity Notions of citizenship/entitlement Expect rights Justice Equality before the law Security and decent quality of life...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course WOH 2012H taught by Professor Ezekielwalker during the Fall '07 term at University of Central Florida.

Page1 / 5

Exam 2 - Study Guide2 - Analyze the factors that led to the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online