Exam 1 - Study Guide - Vasco Da Gama First Portuguese to...

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Vasco Da Gama: First Portuguese to sail directly from Portugal to India and back. Middle Passage: The forced transportation of African people from Africa to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade; the middle part of the triangular trade voyage Bartolomeo Diaz: Portuguese sea captain; the discoverer of the Cape of Good Hope at the southern op of Africa. Hernan Cortes: Spanish conquistador of the Aztec Empire. Francisco Pizarro: Spanish conquistador of the Aztec Empire; Spanish conquistador of Incan Empire (Gonzalez). Spanish Armada: Dutch East India Company: A commercial company founded with government backing to trade with the East and Southeast Asians; sponsored by the Dutch, English, and French governments by the early 17 th century. Mercantilism: A theory of national economics popular in the 17 th and 18 th centuries; aimed at establishing favorable trade balance through government control of exports and imports as well as domestic industry. Ninety-Five Theses: The challenge to Church authority by Martin Luther.
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