Exam 1 - Study Guide2 - European exploration and trade...

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European exploration and trade expansion of the 15 th Century Maritime Revolution o Rise of Ottoman Empire o Huge factors: Ship design Navigation Contact with other groups State support Contingency (luck) European religion o Gold, God, and Glory Silk road closes o Lynchpin to rich trade in the East o Made new route necessary – Columbus Mercantilism: resources limited, secure as much of world as possible Consequence of European expansion Led to capitalism o More people involved in the process o How can they make money? French, British, and Dutch become new world powers, replacing Portugal o Portugal didn’t establish colonies Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade o Enslaved Africans Reformation began in Germany Lacked strong, central authority o Other countries could squash rebellion Pope has great authority o Angry at papal authority Tax funds they needed go overseas to a foreign power for goal they may not support Not a country; series of principalities Holy Roman Empire focused on stopping spread of Ottoman Empire in East Corruption of Church o Simony: Buying of offices o Sale of indulgences o Illiteracy in the Church o Decline of moral authority in Church Martin Luther:
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Exam 1 - Study Guide2 - European exploration and trade...

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