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U.S. Constitution 7 and 26
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Number of articles and amendments in the Constitution, respectively. Establishes the three branches of the federal government, enumerates their powers, and provides important guarantees of individual freedom.
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Enumerated Powers 1789
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Year the Constitution was ratified by the states. When the states ratified the Constitution, they delegated certain powers to the federal government.
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Federalism Reserved Powers
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Those powers not granted to the federal government. The federal government and the 50 state governments share powers in this country.
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Delegated Powers Constitution
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Created the federal government. Powers specifically given to a side (federal or state).
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Dual Federalism Criminal and Family Law
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Two branches of law reserved to states. National and state governments exercise authority within separate, self- contained areas of public policy and public administration.
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Coercive Federalism Cooperative Federalism
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Federalism with a positive interaction; “let’s all get along.” Arm-twisting federalism with money; “want our money, do things our way.”
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Legislative Branch Separation of Powers
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Each branch of the federal government has separate powers (legislative, executive, and judicial branches). Power to make the law.
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Judicial Branch Executive Branch
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Power to enforce the law. Power to interpret the law.
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Supremacy Clause Checks and Balances
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Built into the Constitution to ensure that no one branch of the federal government becomes too powerful. The U.S. Constitution, treaties, and federal law (statutes and regulations) are the supreme law of the land.
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Commerce Clause Preemption Doctrine
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State or local laws that conflict with valid federal law are unconstitutional. Authorizes the federal government to regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the states, and with Indian tribes.
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Undue Burden on Interstate Commerce Interstate Commerce
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test, the federal government may regulate any activity (even intrastate commerce) that affects interstate commerce. Any state or local law
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course PLA 3013 taught by Professor Carolbast during the Fall '10 term at University of Central Florida.

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Exam1 - Flashcards(3) - The flashcards are formatted for...

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