Ancient and Medieval History Notes Part 8

Ancient and Medieval History Notes Part 8 - Ancient and...

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Ancient and Medieval History Notes Part 8 (FINAL) The Rise of Medievel ProtoStates : When the Church is powerful, the States were weak. State- boundries with centralized power. State provides system of order and justice. Individuals can not have an army, arrest people, or investigate crimes. It provides commercial laws and currency. States guarantee the sanctity of contracts. Carry out diplomatic contracts. To survive, it needs an army and administration. It also needs a tax and legitimacy, a connection between the govt. and the citizens that allows the govt. to have the power it has. In the Medieval Times, states could not claim all or even a large percentage of those requirements. The outlines of future states in Europe emerge in the 1100 and 1200s. The economy needed to become better. Beginning in the 900s, an agricultural revolution began. The Medieval people produced more crops than the Romans b/c of the introduction of the heavy iron plow that replaced the light the carruca. The yield form each field jumped. Horses had to be used to pull these heavy plows b/c oxen were not strong enough. Horse collars needed to replace the yokes that would choke them. Horse shoes also were invented to allow horses to walk in mud all the time without their hooves cracking. Water mills and wind mills were invented and spread quickly. Increase in output because the two field crop rotation to a three field crop rotation. The two field rotation 50% of the fields were left to fallow while in the three crop system allowed only 40% of the fields to have to fallow. (Fallow- letting the field rest) This created a jump in population. Because the surfs population grew they went to the lord to ask if they could cultivate wasteland. This turned the surfship to tenant farmership. Other than rent for the land, the peasants could keep their production. The agricultural revolution increased faster than the population. This allowed the expansion of trade, urban residents, and etc. This is because of the surplus. Trade began to expand. Venice and Genoa had to rid the Mediterranean Sea of pirates. Venice made a large navy. Genoa and smaller maritime states assisted with their navies. There were fairs where merchants met and financial transactions took place. The reason fairs existed then but no other time, is because trade is just recuperating so this trade is
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only needed three times or twice a year. It stopped because eventually, traders found that they didn’t need to move around as much. Gradually, as trade completely revived, cities were able to provide what the fairs provided. A Bill of Exchange is an IOU for a specific time. These IOUs were circuled around and as it passes hands, its value changed and grew smaller. They also experimented with insurance and business partnership.
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course HIST 2001 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at LSU.

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Ancient and Medieval History Notes Part 8 - Ancient and...

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