Ancient and medieval History Notes Part 6

Ancient and medieval History Notes Part 6 - Ancient and...

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Ancient and medieval History Notes Part 6 The New Germanic Kingdoms: The Ostrogoths were the only Germanic Tribes that actually settled in Italy. The Ostrogoths were the most Romanized. They liked Roman institutions. One example of this was the emperor Theodoric. He was king of the Ostrogoths. As a child he was a hostage and was educated in Rome. He kept as much of the Roman administrive systems as he could. He made two parallel administrives; one for the Romans, one for the Ostrogoths. The army was completely controlled by the Ostrogoths. This dual system allowed for a lot of friction. Religion was the largest problem of all. The Ostrogoths were the Arians and the Romans were Catholics. The Ostrogoths were not considered true Christians by the Roman Catholics. The Ostrogoth Kingdom fell in the 530’s because Justinian wanted to reunite the whole kingdom. The Italians, however, were pissed b/c the urban centers fell. The Byzantines did not hold onto it for long b/c the pagan Lombards invaded. They were taken over by the Vikings. The Visigoths set up a Visigothic Kingdom in Spain. They were Arians. They converted to Catholicism. They followed the Ostragoths and had a parallel law system. They intermarried and eventually the codes assimilated. They were taken over by Islamic Muslims. Britain was taken over by a chain of Germanic Tribes that had not been even half Romanized. They were the Saxons, Angles, Jutes. Frusians. In 1066, William the Conqueror, a French king (really Norse), invaded England and inserted Latin words into the Anglo-Saxon language. The legends of shining knights were probably from the last Romanized Brits that fought to keep themselves Romanized. There were 7 little kingdoms in Britain. Germanic Tribe Culture: The extended family, or clan, in Germanic Tribes was important. Murder was personal. There were blood feuds. The Germans got rid of the blood feuds by doing monetary compensation: wergild
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Women who could produce children were the most expensive people to kill. The killer had to pay the most money when he killed a pregnant woman. Compurgation- an oath that you were innocent and witnesses say you are There was also a way to solve problems about who was right through trials. The backbone that emerged into this society was the Church. Gregory the Great became pope in 590. He energized the power of the pope. Gregory was the first pope to exercise his authority. He civilized Germanic Tribes. He sent out missionaries, especially to Britian. He wrote a how to book on how to run a Church. It was a book of pastoral care. Ireland was never ever ever part of the Roman Empire. They were Christianized by St. Patrick. Christianity survived the fall of the Roman Empire in Ireland.
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Ancient and medieval History Notes Part 6 - Ancient and...

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