Ancient and medieval History Notes Part 5

Ancient and medieval History Notes Part 5 - Ancient and...

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Ancient and medieval History Notes Part 5 Rome: Roman history is divided into the history of the Roman Republic and the Empire. Rome was founded when the age of tyranny ended and the democracy in Athens was established. It started in 509 BC. The Italian peninsula is about as long as the Tigris-Euphrates Valley and is thin. There is a group of mountains at the top and another along the backbone(refer to pic) Rome had access to the sea. It is located on seven hills. It is connected to the sea by the Tiber River. Also, they had the control of the Tiber River, being able to patrol travel. Greek colonists live in the Peninsula and Sicily. The Romans refer to that area in S Italy as Magna Graecia. The largest Greek colony city-state was Tarentum. The Greeks pass on their architecture, philosophy, alphabet, culture, and agriculture on to the Romans. Above Rome in Etruria, the Etruscans are in power. Many people think they are the descendents of the “sea people” that raided Egypt. Phenetians had it stolen by the Greeks. The Etruscans steal the alphabet from the Greeks. And the Romans get it from the Etruscans. They all change it slightly. Rome is a subject of Etruscan rule. The Etruscans get weaker after a series of wars, giving Rome the chance to gain independence. The Etruscans have large city-states that have a loose alliance. The Etrusians fight with the Greeks in southern Italy. In 396 BC, Rome took over 10 years to take over the last Etruscan city, Veii. When the Etruscans had fought with the Greeks, they were weakened, which is how Rome took over. They had hydrolic engineering, sanitation, road building from the Etruscans. They copied Etruscans along with the Greeks. In 509 BC, Rome threw out the last Etruscan king, Tarquin. The Romans are more practical. They approached govt.
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Patricians, the higher class, were the ones that threw out the king. The Plebeians were the commons. For the next 2 centuries, there was a political and social battle for power. It is called, “Struggle of the Orders.” In Rome, like in Athens, Romans came to the idea that politics were public business. In 509 BC, every year 2 consuls were elected. They could only be Patricians. The Senate was only made up of Patricians. They had the most control. Century (Centuriate) Assembly, is often bribed so the Patricians are still in control. Nexum- the right of a creditor to enslave a person in debt to them. Only Patricians could be judges. There is no written law code. The Plebeians can’t marry into the ruling class, the Patricians, no matter how rich they get. The Plebeians fill in the ranks of the army and the labor. They secede from Rome often until a compromise is made. This happens again and again, each time the Plebeians get a little more of their goals. They were finally given their own assembly. They have a Plebeian Assembly. They also
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Ancient and medieval History Notes Part 5 - Ancient and...

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