Ancient and Medieval History Part 2

Ancient and Medieval History Part 2 - Ancient and Medieval...

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Ancient and Medieval History Part 2 Ancient Egypt: River flood plains. (Comparison to Mesopotamia Civilization) Cataract- waterfall The Nile River Valley was confined by the first cataract of the Nile in the south and the Mediterranean Sea. First pyramids in Egypt were like ziggurats. Egypt experienced moderate amounts of influence Mesopotamia’s art but it is unique culture, and not copied from Mesopotamia. Egypt considered themselves the center of the world. Everything else, including people, is second. The Nile flows northward. So the Egyptians’ culture in the world is shaped by the Nile and geography. B/c the Nile is so unique they found more normal things, odd. Nilometers- marks that predicted the flooding of the Nile. The Nile was very predictable. The Nile floods slower so it causes less damage. They see the Nile as a friend. The Egyptians were optimistic. This showed in their religion and culture. There are five months a year that the river is flooded. It floods five to ten miles on each side. Egyptian agriculture was easy compared to the Mesopotamian agriculture. More food was yielded as well. Emmer- was a wheat that was resistant to dry conditions 5 months flood stage (June to October)- 7 months non flood (November to May) The Nile is easily traversable, unlike the Tigris and Euphrates. Upper and Lower Egypt united early in history because of the easy travel. (refer to picture)
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Egypt was insolated from the world because of seas and deserts. It had security. It had survivability. It made it very unique. B/c the Nile allowed less work to be put into agriculture and irrigation there was a larger surplus. It stays more rural b/c people weren’t packed into large areas so they could be fed by the 99% of the people. Egyptian cities, towns were political and religious centers, not economic centers. Egyptian leaders weren’t militaristic. They didn’t have to be b/c of the isolation and b/c there were no warring city-states. In Egypt, there were god-kings. B/c they were living gods, the god-king owned everything. He was the only one who owned land. He was Egypt. That is why the building of his tomb is important. He represented all of Egypt with his death. After generations, the nobles could follow the king into the after life to serve him. Niswt- when the king is born, he is divested with divinity Lustrations- special washings so you could touch the king (only a handful of people were able to do lustrations even) No one referred to the king by name, even the king never said ‘I.’ Pharaoh was how he was referred to. It meant “the house/palace of the king” They started using it in 1700 BC Work on pyramids begins in June. They were worked on when everyone wasn’t working on agriculture during the non flood months. Corvee- labor tax (Egyptians worked on the pyramids for their corvee)
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course HIST 2001 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at LSU.

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Ancient and Medieval History Part 2 - Ancient and Medieval...

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