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Modern History Part 1

Modern History Part 1 - Modern H istory Part 1 Renaissance...

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Modern History Part 1 Renaissance: The 14 th century was the time of crisis for Europe. It was the fall of the High Middle Ages. What happened next: Jakob Burkhardt- writer who wrote “The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy” He called the renaissance something new for Europe. He, unknowingly, made the Renaissance the beginning of the Modern Age. The Renaissance was the rebirth of classical thoughts and beliefs. The men of the renaissance believed that the Middle Ages were unimportant and stagnant. This is stupid b/c the renaissance was born from the advances in the Middle Ages. The roots of the institutions of the renaissance were from the Middle Ages. The renaissance grew out of what came before, but it was something new. Burkhardt made it too radical, but it was a new modern world. Roots in the High Middle Ages bloomed in the renaissance. Economically- an urban industry bloomed. Merchant capitalism. There was a change from land ownership/ agriculture to commercialism. The change was not abrupt. There was still a lot of agriculture for more centuries. The middle class grew. They grew in pre-eminence, money, and number. They played important roles in politics, economics, and society. The state was reformulated and the purpose of the state was changed. In theory in the 1200s, the kings job was to create an environment for salvation. The unity of Christiandom was shattered. It began with fragmentation from experimentation (in art, politics, faith, and everyday life). The clergy began to
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lose its monopoly over education to educated laity. This began to end the theocentric outlook on education. The Age of Faith (theocentric) ended and the Age of Reason began in _______. It took 250 years. Natural Philosophy, science, slooooooooooooooooooowly became more important as theology was sloooooooooooooly pushed to the side. The Renaissance began in N. and N Central Italy. In the late 13 and early 1400s.The ports in N Italy were natural crossroads for ideas and merchandise. Goods and ideas went from the Ottoman Empire, through Italy, into Europe and vice versa. Florence turned to banking when they, stuck inland, wanted a chance at the profits. The de Medicis were a middle class family that had a family bank that had a branch in most major cities in Europe and in N. Africa. They help finance the flow of trade in the world. In Italy, there were a lot of city-states. They fought each other to maintain their independence. To keep this independence, these relatively small city- states played the Holy Roman Empire and the papal power against each other. Italy had powerful, rich cities that were strong enough to keep from centralizing power. The city-states started to send out ambassadors to other city-states who had to gather information through spying and other means. The ambassadors exchanged information and attempted to know what was going on so each city-state would know who to fight and who to align themselves with.
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