Facundo_chapter_3 - I A SSOCIATION ~ " C HAPTER I II...

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I 73 " ~ CHAPTER III Association Le Gaucho vit de privation, mais son luxe est la liberte. Fier d'une independance sans bornes, ses sentiments, sauvages comme sa vie, soot pourtant nobles e bons. Head l The Pulperia In the first chapter, we left the Argentine peasant at the moment when he reaches manhood, exactly as nature and the lack ofa true society have shaped him. We have seen him as a man independent of all need, free of all subjection, with no idea of government, since all regular and sys- tematic order becomes wholly impossible. With these habits of indo- lence, of independence, he enters another phase of rural life, which, though common and ordinary, is the starting point for all the great events we will see develop very shortly. It should not be forgotten that I am speaking of an essentially pas- toral people; that I take up their fundamental physiognomy, leaving aside the lesser modifications they experience, to indicate these partial effects at the proper time. I am speaking here ofthe association among estancias, which, distributed more or less four leagues apart, cover the area ofa province. The agricultural countryside also subdivides and spreads out society, but on a greatly reduced scale: one farmer lives next to another, next to the fum tools and the multitude ofinstruments, harnesses, animals that 72 ASSOCIATION he uses. The variety of products and the different skills that agriculture calls to its aid establish a necessary relationship between the inhabitants of a valley and make indispensable a rudimentary town to serve as their center. Moreover, the attention and daily chores that farmwork de- mands require so many hands that leisure becomes impossible, and the men are compelled to remain on their own inherited land. The exact opposite happens in this singular kind ofassociation. Property limits are not marked; the more livestock there is, the fewer hands it occupies; the women take care of all the domestic chores and crafts; the men are left unemployed, without pleasures, without ideas, without business to attend to; domestic home life annoys them, or let us say they reject it. There is a need, then, for a fictitious society to remedy this norm ofdis- sociation. The habit ofriding on horseback, acquired since early child- hood, is one more stimulus for leaving the home. Boys have the job ofdriving the horses out ofthe corral scarcely has the sun come up, and all the males, even the little ones, saddle up their horses, even ifthey don't know what to do next. The horse is an inte- gral part ofthe rural Argentine; it is for him what the cravat is for those who live in the bosom ofthe cities. In 1841, El Chacho, a caudillo ofthe plains, emigrated to Chile. 2
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course LAH 2020 taught by Professor Victoruribe during the Fall '11 term at FIU.

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Facundo_chapter_3 - I A SSOCIATION ~ " C HAPTER I II...

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