Tales of Potosi
many priests who were present could stop the savagery.
Everywhere there were cries of "Kill them, kill them," which
was precisely what happened, fO'r the Creoles (since they were
mO're numerous) killed fO'ur O'f their adversaries, and mO're
than thirty men were wO'unded O'n O'ne side and the O'ther; and
the carnage wO'uld have been still wO'rse had nO't the priests
intervened at the risk O'f physical injury.
was this encO'unter
that ever after made the Peruvian natiO'n sO' hated by the
Basques; and fO'r many years the almO'st daily shedding O'f
blO'O'd led to' many O'ther tragedies.
HO'wever, DO'n JeronimO' and DO'na Mariana were indeed
married, thO'ugh against the wishes O'f her parents. She re-
ceived a dO'wry O'f eighty thO'usand pesO's in additiO'n to' twO'
O're refineries that, with their Indians and mines, were wO'rth
much mO're than that sum. DO'n Sebastian de Arzua, filled with
grief and despair after having seen DO'na Mariana married
to' his rival, returned to' his hO'me. TwO' days later a certain
wO'man with whom he had been carnally cO'nnected fO'r some
time came to' see him by night and was fO'O'lish enO'ugh to' taunt
him abO'ut the affair; this caused him to' becO'me sriH mO're
enraged, and he attacked her, strangling her with a scarf; then
he had her bO'dy carried secretly to' her hO'me. Three days
later this Biscayan was fO'und dead in his bed in the mO'rning,
with clear indications that he had taken a terrible pO'isO'n, a
circumstance that gave rise to' a great deal O'f scandal.
1648 there lived in this city O'ne DO'n EranciscO'
ChO'cata SaRa. an Indian by r:lce and a native O'f
PO'tO'stwhO', O'nce having been a servant to' DO'n
Gaspar Martin de Vargas, secretary O'f its illustriO'us
cabildO',8 had becO'me quite EurO'peanized; and in
additiO'n to' having cO'nsiderable natural gifts he
behaved with great arroganc.e.
. Tbis Indian
fO'r a mine
that anO'ther Indian had disclO'sed to' him had earned him mO're
pesO's in a very shO'rt time; as a result he struck
up a friendship with the new cO'rregidO'r, DO'n Juan Velarde,
whO'm he hO'nO'red with frequent spendid banquets and cO'stly
gifts. A sO'n was bO'rn to' this Indian, and he asked the cO'r-
regidO'r to' stand as gO'dfather. Because O'f this relatiO'nship DO'n
FranciscO' was always at the side O'f his friend the cO'rregidO'r.
He dressed richly in clO'thing O'f Spanish style and always
wO're a large and costly gO'ld chain that fell upO'n his shO'ulders
and breast. The rich respected him and the pO'O'r feared him.
Since it is very true that nO' O'ne is ever satisfied with his 100t
(fO'r even thO'ugh that 100t be gO'O'd he always wishes it to' be
better) an.d greed and ambition are very O'ld in the wO'rld and
amO'ng all cO'nditiO'ns O'f men, DO'n FranciscO' ChO'cata Sapa,
nO't cO'ntent with what he had, wished to' O'btain pO'wer in