Final_exam_study_guide - FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET HUMAN...

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FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET HUMAN SPECIES—SINELLI—Spring 2011 YOU WILL NEED TO STUDY THE CHAPTERS AS WELL AS YOUR LECTURE NOTES! Bring 2 scantrons! The exam will be more than 100 questions long. Australopithecines - South African australopithecines: - Australopithecus africanus (Taung, Mrs. Ples)- Raymond Dart/broom, South Africa, 1924, High forehead, Foramen Magnum anterior found from endocast, gracile build, brain size 405cc, Bipedal, 2.5-2 mya, retained adaptions to climb trees - Australopithecus robustus - Robert brooms 1950, Swartkrans, 2-1 mya, large zygomatic feautures, flat face, saggital crest, large molar and premolar small incisors and canines - Australopithecus boisei – Mary Leakey, Olduvi Gorge Tanzania, big cheek teeth small interior teeth, u shaped row prognathiscism , tall broad dished face, saggital crest, 510cc brain, 2.3-1.3 mya, 5ft tall one of biggest robust hominids - Australopithecus aethiopicus (Black Skull) – 1985 Richard Leakey and Alan Walker, West Turkana Kenya, 410 cc brain, Huge cheek teeth, 1 st robust hominid, black because of manganese dirt, Robust = bigger, have sagittal crest, dish shaped face, prognathic, flaring zygomatic arches, earliest robust (2.7-2.3 mya) and most robust hominid, appearance of concave face, features related to available food - Australopithecus garhi – Asfaw and Tim white discover 1991, 2.5 mya in Awash Ethiopia, garhi = surprise, 450 cc brain, large anterior and posterior teeth, long legs and forearms, Probably is link between austrolapithecus and Homo, Humans no descendents of garhi, evidence garhi was first with stone tools, associated with mammal bones and cutmarks, tool use shows they ate meat, diggers, first to eat meat?, meat important for brain development, What are the major differences between robust and gracile australopithecines? -comes down to diet -from neck down not different -all bipedal -all maintain arboreal characteristic H. habilis Trends in hominid evolution: increasing encephalization and decreasing dentition Homo habilis: 2.4 – 1.6 Mya H. Habilis at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania Distribution of across Africa When first discovered and by whom? Leakeys at Olduvai Gorge Tanzania 1960 What does the name mean? Handy man Type of tools used, brain size 631 cc, Famous specimens: OH 24 “Twiggy”, OH 7 What did the postcranial remains suggest? That they had longer arms, shorter legs than humans and still spent some of their time in trees. The Oldowan stone tool kit:
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2011 for the course ANT 2511 taught by Professor Sinelli during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Final_exam_study_guide - FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET HUMAN...

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