Chapter 14 MGT

Chapter 14 MGT - Chapter 14 Job: a set of specified work...

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Chapter 14 Job: a set of specified work and task activities that engage an individual in an organization Work in Organizations Work: mental or physical activity that has productive results - For all people, work is organized into jobs, and jobs fit into the larger structure of an organization The Meaning of Work Meaning of work: the way a person interprets and understands the value of work as part of life. One study found six patterns people follow in defining work 1. Pattern A people define work as an activity in which values comes from performance for which a person is accountable. It is generally self-directed and devoid of negative affect. 2. Pattern B people define work as an activity that provides a person with positive personal affect and identity. Work contributes to society and is not unpleasant. 3. Pattern C people define work as an activity from which profit accrues to others by performance, and that may be done in various settings other than a working place. Work is usually physically strenuous and somewhat compulsive 4. Pattern D people define work as primarily a physical activity a person must do that is directed by others and generally performed in a working place. Work is usually devoid of positive affect and is unpleasantly connected to performance. 5. Pattern E people define work as a physically and mentally strenuous activity. It is generally unpleasant and devoid of positive affect 6. Pattern F people define work as an activity constrained to specific time periods that does not bring positive affect through its performance Work value scales: composed of thirteen items measuring various aspects of the work environment, such as responsibility and job security. The two dimensions are work content (the amount of responsibility on the job) and job context (the policies of my company). Jobs in Organizations Jobs in organizations are interdependent and designed to make a
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Chapter 14 contribution to the organization’s overall mission and goals. Differentiation: the process of subdividing and departmentalizing the work of an organization Integration: the process of connecting jobs and departments into a coordinated, cohesive whole. Traditional approaches to job design Scientific Management Emphasizes work simplification , which is the standardization and the narrow, explicit specification of task activities for workers. Jobs designed through scientific management have a limited number of tasks, and each task is scientifically specified so that the worker is not required to think. Elements of scientific management: time and motion studies, differential piece rate systems of pay, an the scientific selection of workers, all focus on the efficient use of labor to the economic benefit of the corporation. Support include the following 1. Work simplification allowed individuals of diverse ethnic and skill backgrounds to work together in a systematic way. 2. Work simplification led to production efficiency in the
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2011 for the course MGT 3305 taught by Professor Reed during the Fall '08 term at Baylor.

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Chapter 14 MGT - Chapter 14 Job: a set of specified work...

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