DSOC313- Class Notes for Final Exam

DSOC313- Class Notes for Final Exam - INTRODUCTION TO...

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Unformatted text preview: INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH Data Analysis Update on Research Cycle Design Theory/ Hypotheses Measures Data Collection Presentation Statistical Inferences Questions Data Analysis Research Topic/Question Select research topic Selection criteria Practical (feasibility, time, resources, access) Policy interest (timely issue, importance for decision-making) Scientific Interest (under-researched, voice, unique context) Select research questions Level of analysis (micro, meso, macro ) Type of questions (exploratory, descriptive, comparative, historical, explanatory ) Can combine multiple types in a single project (e.g., descriptive+explanatory) Design Theory Hyp Measures Data Collection Presenta tion Inferenc es Ques tions Data Analysi s Research Questions Y (Outcome) Demographic factors (X1) Political factors (X3) Cultural factors (X4) Environmental factors (X5) Economic factors (X2) Theory Outcome Demographic factors Political factors (X3) Cultural factors Environmental factors Economic factors I ndependent Dependent Mediator A C B Theory (ctd..) Poverty Demographic factors Political factors Cultural factors Environmental factors Economic factors I ndependent Dependent I nteraction Contextual A Measurement Poverty Political factors Economic Form of government Dependency on foreign aid I nternal conflict Ethnic fractionalization .. % pop living < $1 / day % children malnourished .. GDP per capita Issues: (Validity/reliability); Level of measurement Hypotheses Design Theory Hyp Measures Data Collection Presenta tion Inferenc es Ques tions Data Analysi s Non directional: Everything else equal (eeq), there is a relationship between political regime and % population living under $1 per day; Directional: Eg, democratic regimes will have smaller proportions of their populations living under $1 per day than no democratic regimes; Quantitative : Eg, as one shifts from a non- democratic to a democratic regime, the percentage of the population living under $1 per day will decline by 10 points . Interactive : The relationship between political regime and % living under $1 per day depends on region . It will be strong in Asian countries and weakest in other countries Mediator: Political regime affects the % living under $1 a day, because of its effects on economic growth. Design Design Theory Hyp Measures Data Collection Presenta tion Inferenc es Ques tions Data Analysi s One-shot (case study): Study one country at one point in time; Static comparison (cross-sectional): compare multiple countries at one point in time; See countries with democratic regimes differ (in terms of their poverty levels) from non democratic regimes; Before/after comparison (Historical) : Study one country over multiple years. See how its poverty rates changed as its political regime has evolved....
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2011 for the course DSOC 3130 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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DSOC313- Class Notes for Final Exam - INTRODUCTION TO...

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