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DSOC313- Class Notes for Final Exam

DSOC313- Class Notes for Final Exam - INTRODUCTION TO...

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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH Data Analysis
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Update on Research Cycle Design  Theory/   Hypotheses  Measures Data Collection Presentation Statistical  Inferences Questions Data Analysis
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Research Topic/Question Select research topic Selection criteria Practical (feasibility, time, resources, access) Policy interest (timely issue, importance for decision-making) Scientific Interest (under-researched, voice, unique context) Select research questions Level of analysis (micro, meso, macro ) Type of questions (exploratory, descriptive, comparative, historical, explanatory ) Can combine multiple types in a single project (e.g., descriptive+explanatory) Design   Theory Hyp Measures Data Collection Presenta tion   Inferenc es Ques tions Data Analysi s
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Research Questions Y (Outcome) Demographic factors (X1) Political factors (X3) Cultural factors (X4) Environmental factors (X5) Economic factors (X2)
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Theory Outcome Demographic factors Political factors (X3) Cultural factors Environmental factors Economic factors I ndependent Dependent Mediator A C B
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Theory (ctd..) Poverty Demographic factors Political factors Cultural factors Environmental factors Economic factors I ndependent Dependent I nteraction Contextual A
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Measurement Poverty Political factors Economic Form of government Dependency on foreign aid I nternal conflict Ethnic fractionalization .. % pop living < $1 /day % children malnourished .. GDP per capita Issues: (Validity/reliability); Level of measurement
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Hypotheses Design   Theory Hyp Measures Data Collection Presenta tion   Inferenc es Ques tions Data Analysi s Non directional: Everything else equal (eeq), there is a relationship between political regime and % population living under $1 per day; Directional: Eg, democratic regimes will have smaller proportions of their populations living under $1 per day than no democratic regimes; Quantitative : Eg, as one shifts from a non- democratic to a democratic regime, the percentage of the population living under $1 per day will decline by 10 points . Interactive : The relationship between political regime and % living under $1 per day depends on region . It will be strong in Asian countries and weakest in other countries Mediator: Political regime affects the % living under $1 a day, because of its effects on economic growth.
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Design Design   Theory Hyp Measures Data Collection Presenta tion   Inferenc es Ques tions Data Analysi s One-shot (case study): Study one country at one point in time; Static comparison (cross-sectional): compare multiple countries at one point in time; See countries with democratic regimes differ (in terms of their poverty levels) from non democratic regimes; Before/after comparison (Historical) : Study one country over multiple years. See how its poverty rates changed as its political regime has evolved.
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