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Final Study Guide - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16...

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2011/06/08 Psych 183S Social Epidemiology Final Study Guide 1. Who was John Snow? Father of modern epidemiology. Systematic investigations of cholera. First public health intervention. 2. Why is he relevant to our course? Laid groundwork for modern epidemiology. 3. What did he do in Broad Street? Took the handle off pumps. 4. Is the emphasis primarily on individual-levels disease or population-levels of disease in the field of Epidemiology? Population-levels of disease. 5. Is Cholera eliminated Worldwide? No. 6. What is Cholera? Bacteria born disease, can be passed, cause people to be dehydrated, can die in 3 hours, only 1 in 20 people affected have severe symptoms. 7. What are “Health Inequities”? What do they stem from? Unfair and avoidable differences in health status seen within and between countries. Social determinants. 8. Give 3 examples of “social determinants” of health? Living conditions, working conditions, conditions under which you were born, neighborhood, age 9. Describe the general pattern of subjective health by poverty status. Gradient 10. Describe the general pattern of subjective health by ethnicity. Income affect is the same whether you’re white, black, or Hispanic. Blacks are more likely to report poor health as well as low income. More Hispanic report poor health. Being poor is worse for the black sample than the white and Hispanic sample. 11. Why is the WHO definition of Health sometimes criticized? World definition stresses the absence of disease and the presence of well being of the social functioning. Encompass mini aspects of individual’s life. Main criticism: cannot really measure health, so amended the definition to focus on a good measure of health which needs to reflect the extent of individual, don’t tell you how to measure à too general. 12. How are mental disorders diagnosed? DSM4: signs and symptoms collected of different types of mental disorder. 13. What is the MMWR and why is it important? Morbidity and mortality weekly report: categorize the presence and symptoms of disease; physical disease. 14. If a Social Scientist could ask only one question about health in a survey, what question is best? Subjective health; reliable, validate 15. What measures are commonly used by Social Scientists to measure health? Subjective health, physical impairment, vitality and mental well-being, awareness of disease and risk to life, absence of disease. 16. Why is a measure of “Expected Longevity” an important assessment of one’s health? It seems so simple asking somebody how long they will live but it reflects their health. Poor health has a greater sense in terms of their risk of dying. Good way to measure someone’s health. 17. What is the most commonly used statistic to quantify or measure disease in populations? Rate; less often use proportion because no time frame and population not specified.
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