MUS 4 Finals Notes

MUS 4 Finals Notes - MUS 4 Introduction to Western Music...

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MUS 4 – Introduction to Western Music Study Guide for Final Opera Buffa(Comic Opera) - Uses Ordinary characters Real life characters and stories - Light opera The actors have to act a nd sing at the sa m e time To e stablish the characters as “natural” the effects are casu al a nd swift (happenin fast and vividly in a more convincing order) Pleasing variety. Humor is highlighted. Happy e nding - Aria, recitative, Ense m ble Aria : An extended piece for solo singer. The rhythm is more consistent; the melody is clear; and there is an orchestra that accompanies the singer. Recitative : Treating the text as theatrical speech, which doesn’t have a regular rhythm, which heightens the emotions with the voice’s ups and downs, and which sometimes indicates a question. Classical opera buffa employs “ensemble” Ensemble is sung by two or more people. It is a scene written for a group of performers This allows the development of the scenery to occur in a more expressive, vivid and dynamic way - Traces b ack to J.J.Rouse au He criticized the unre alistic imag e and flattering of nobility of opera s eria Beethoven (1770-1827) - Transitional Figure b etwe en Classicism(18 th Century) and Romanticism (19 th Century) - Three p eriods of Beethoven 1 st Period – Classicism
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Wrote symphonies in the classical forms Went to Vienna to work with Haydn during his twenties During these years, he wrote mostly sonatas and piano trios for domestic, private concerts He became popular as a composer who was inclined to rebel against the simple, pleasing variety of the classical tradition. Instead he was asserting his individual voice, more as an artistic virtuoso and improviser. Going Deaf 2 nd Period – Heroic Romanticism The changing social ideals in Europe of revolt against aristocracy After the French Revolution, Beethoven dedicated his third symphony to Napoleon Bonaparte, who was considered to be the hero of the revolution. Nevertheless, when Bonaparte crowned himself as the Emperor of France, Beethoven changed the title of the symphony to Heroic Symphony. His “symphonic ideal” came later in 1808, with his 5 th Symphony He was unrealistic and an ideological person - Listening Example: CD 3, Track 5-20, Symphony nu mb er 5 in C Minor (only track responsible) Background: Compos ed along with 6 th symphony, Pastoral symphony When he wrote these two symphonies, his hearing abilities were going worse Formal characteristics: Written in the symphonic form, includes 4 movements The first two movements(moderate fast; slow); and the fourth movement (very fast) are written in sonata form The third movement’s form is considered Scherzo Scherzo means a fast, rushing movement in triple meter inherited from minuet. Beethoven wanted to come up with a new form that would mock the minuet, yet still emphasize the rhythmic drive Some characteristics of the 5 th Symphony:
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Rhythmic drive Motivic consistency
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2011 for the course MUS 4 taught by Professor Mcallister during the Fall '08 term at UCSD.

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MUS 4 Finals Notes - MUS 4 Introduction to Western Music...

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