MUS 4 Midterm

MUS 4 Midterm - MUS 4 Introduction to Western Music...

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MUS 4 – Introduction to Western Music Professor Bulut Zeynep Study Guide for Midterm Introduction to Music - Music has both a personal a social function - Helps us realize and express our physical and mental states Classical music in the history of the West - In the first millennium of the century, Europe culture was the culture of Christianity. Music had a religious function - Transmission of the political power from the church to kings and nobles led m usic to be written for court entertainm ent Bourgeoisie beca m e stronger, m usic trans mit to public spaces and m ore socially consu m ed - Now m usic has be en disse minat ed with digital technologies Some tools to talk about Music - Sound Vibration that travel through the air and picked up by our ears - Pitch Quality of sound that’s regulated by frequency - Amplitude Measured in decibels Use “dynamic” for the level of sound in music From soft to loud: pp , mp , mf , f , ff Change in dynamics: decrescendo(from loud to soft) and crescendo(from soft to loud) - Tone color (timbre) Regardless of the pitch and dynamic, music sounds differ in their quality, based on the sound producing bodies of the instrument or voice. Tone color or timbre is the term to mark such quality Time Aspect of Music - Duration The length of sound in minutes or seconds is called duration Each note indicates a particular length of time, duration. - Rhythm Time distribution To measure rhythm, we have: Beat Accent Meter
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Syncopation Tempo Octave Diatonic Scale(white keys) Chromatic Scale(include all black keys) Legato (melodic) Staccato (jumping) The Structures of Music - Melody : Organized series of pitches - Melodic line : The high and low pitches, length of the notes, their distance and dynamics will affect your drawing of the melodic line - Tune A melody with the following characteristics: Division into phrases: Tunes are divided into clear phrases Balance between phrases: Balance between phrases is related to the time units of phrases Parallelism and Contrast: Parallelism: Phrases can be parallel with the same length, with the same rhythm or pattern of pitches Contrast: One phrase might have high pitches and the other might have low pitches. One phrase might be long and the other might be short. Climax and Cadence: Climax: Highest point of a phrase o To have a climax, the phrase has to constantly or gradually climb Cadence: The interim stopping or pausing in a phrase. - Motive Smallest unit of a melody Fragment of a melody - Theme : Subject matter or topic of the piece - Harmony : An organization of other sounds that accompany the melodic line - Chord : Grouping of notes sounded together - Consonance : Agreeable chords that are at rest - Dissonance : Chords that are discordant or not compatible - Texture : Organization of sounds that always sounds blended together Monophony Simplest texture A single unaccompanied melody
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MUS 4 Midterm - MUS 4 Introduction to Western Music...

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