DOC Study Guide Terms
1882, post 1960s
Chinese/Asian American immigrants served as the “model minority” to other minorities like Hispanics and
Blacks. Asian Americans were considered more “intelligible” than the other minorities, although they were not “white.”
Chinese occupies third position on racial spectrum (triangulated race).
Post 1960s: Asian Americans were allowed citizenship; only the ELITE Asians were wanted in
America. 1882: Chinese Exclusion Act was revoked in 1960s and then there was a cap on how many Chinese immigrants
can come in. Tchen argues that Chinese workers were used to break the Irish workers. Influx of Chinese workers = cheap
triangulated race, elite white economic interests in promoting ideology, Chinese Exclusion Act,
interchangeable social status, but then after CEA, elite Chinese went to America (more intelligent: model minority to
compare to other minorities), white supremacy, racialization, whiz kids
it was because of the “model minority” we believe that ALL Chinese Americans are “elite” and smart.
Model minorities reinforce meritocracy ideology (hard work
success; Asian Americans were ambitious and others
aren’t). Merit-based Hispanics/Latinos couldn’t be on the same level.
Asian Americans were seemingly accepted into
American culture but they really aren’t because they occupied a third position on racial spectrum.
are still marked as foreign/alien. White supremacy is still in effect. Asian Americans are constantly racialized.
Benefit of model minority is that they could possibly get better jobs based on their stereotypes (i.e. Asians good at math!).
Costs of being model minority are that they aren’t fully accepted into white ideology; they are marked as “other”/foreign
This war was fought to contain communism, spread democracy/American way of life, a war to fend
American exceptionalism; we are the dominant nation and everyone else = subordinates. MLK points out that Cold War
justifies neocolonialism relationships. It’s proxy-controlled (control from far, in markets).
McCarthyism, anti-communism, American exceptionalism (Democrats/Republicans wanted to
intervene with Vietnam), domino theory (one country falls into communism
all will fall under communism… gotta go to
Vietnam or they’ll turn communist and Laos will turn communist, etc… tied to American exceptionalism), white
supremacy, Proxy Wars
Vietnam War, Proxy war (overseas war)
Proxy wars – small countries go at each other, they don’t want nuclear wars but they’re not afraid to go
into other people’s wars
Gays/lesbians were involved. They frequented a gay bar in NY and police raided them simply for their
sexual orientation. Police harassed them on a daily basis and made a list of gays and lesbians. One night, the gays/lesbians